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Chippewa Indians v. United States, 307 U.S. 1 (1939)

Chippewa Indians v. United States

No. 666

Argued March 30, 1939

Decided April 17, 1939

307 U.S. 1


1. The Act of January 14, 1889, pursuant to which the bands of Chippewa Indians in Minnesota ceded their reservations to the United States and the United States undertook to sell land and timber, hold the proceeds in trust, expend income for purposes specified, and ultimately distribute the principal, all for the benefit of the Indians, did not create a conventional trust or abdicate guardianship over the Indians as tribal Indians. P. 307 U. S. 3.

2. Congress therefore retained the power to make expenditures from the fund for the benefit of the Indians in ways not contemplated by that Act. P. 307 U. S. 5.

88 Ct.Cls. 1 affirmed.

Appeal from a judgment dismissing a suit brought by the above-named Indians for restoration of trust funds alleged to have been diverted by the United States.

Page 307 U. S. 2

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