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Central R. Co. of New Jersey v. Jersey City, 209 U.S. 473 (1908)

Central Railroad Company of New Jersey v. Jersey City

No. 203

Argued April 15, 16, 1908

Decided April 27, 1908

209 U.S. 473


"Jurisdiction,' as generally used in compacts between states, has a more limited sene than 'sovereignty."

Under the agreement of 1833 between the States of New York and New Jersey, 4 Stat. 708, while exclusive jurisdiction is given to New York over the water of the Hudson River west of the boundary line fixed by the agreement, the land under such water remained subject to the sovereignty of New Jersey, and the jurisdiction given to New York over the water does not exclude the sovereign power of New Jersey to tax such land, nor does an exercise of that power deprive the owner of the land of his property without due process of law.

This Court, in construing a compact between states, will hesitate to reach a conclusion different from that reached by the highest court of both states.

43 Vroom 311 affirmed.

The facts are stated in the opinion.

Page 209 U. S. 476

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